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Marie Skłodowska Curie

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Marie Skłodowska Curie

Marie Skłodowska Curie (1867 - 1934), the Polish descent, the famous French scientist, physicist, chemist. In 1903, Curie and Becquerel were awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics for the discovery of the element polonium and radium in 1911 due to the radioactive study.

Marie Skłodowska Curie, born on November 7, 1867, was born to a family of secondary school teachers in Warsaw, Poland. Father Ulaslav Slaskovsky is a math teacher in high school. The family's love for her called her "Mania". Maria is the fifth child, there are three sisters and one brother, that Sophie, Bonnie Schrakeva, Helena and brother Joseph.

Marie Skłodowska Curie met a lecturer in Sorbonne, Pierre Curie, that is her later husband. The two of them often carry out radioactive material research together with tons of industrial waste because the total radioactivity of the ore is stronger than the radioactivity of the uranium it contains. In 1898, the Curie couple made a logical inference about this phenomenon: asphalt uranium ore must contain some unknown radioactive components, the radioactivity is far greater than the uranium radioactivity. On 26 December, Marie Skłodowska Curie published the idea of the existence of this new substance.

In the following years, the Curie couple constantly refining the radioactive components of the asphalt uranium ore. Through unremitting efforts, they finally succeeded in separating the radium chloride and discovered two new chemical elements: polonium (Po) and radium (Ra). Because of their discovery and research on radioactivity, Curie and Henry Becker were awarded the 1903 Nobel Prize in Physics, and Marie Skłodowska Curie became the first woman to win a Nobel Prize in history. Eight years later, in 1911, Marie Skłodowska Curie won the Nobel Prize in Chemistry because of the successful separation of radium. Surprisingly, after Marie Skłodowska Curie won the Nobel Prize, she did not apply for a patent for refining pure radium, and made it public, which effectively promoted the development of radiochemistry.

During the First World War, Marie Skłodowska Curie advocated the use of radiological ambulancemen to promote the use of radiology in the medical field. After that, she traveled to the United States in 1921 and raised funds for radiology research. Marie Skłodowska Curie died in Upper Savoy in France on July 4, 1934 due to excessive exposure to radioactive material. After that, her eldest daughter Irena Yorio-Curie won the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1935. Her little daughter, Eve Curie, wrote "Marie Skłodowska Curie Biography" after her mother's death. In the 1990s inflation, Marie Skłodowska Curie's head appeared in Polish and French currencies and stamps. Chemical element curium (Cm) is to commemorate the Curie couple named.

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