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Chinese national hero Lin Zexu

Chinese national hero Lin Zexu (Picture 1)


Lin Zexu (August 30, 1785 - November 22, 1850), China's Fujian Province Hou Guan (now Fuzhou city) people, is the Chinese Qing Dynasty politicians, thinkers and poets, served as governor of Huguang, governor of Shaanxi and Gansu, Governor of Yunnan and Guizhou; because he advocated the ban on opium, is China's "national hero".

Daoguang eighteen years (1838) in September, Lin Zexu to the Emperor Daoguang letter, about the Western countries on China's large dumping of opium harm, if ignored, a few decades later, China will have no soldiers can resist the enemy, the Treasury will emptiness. Daoguang emperor read, was deeply moved, that is, in the same year on December 31 appointed Lin Zexu as imperial envoy, to ban opium in Guangzhou. In the process of ban on opium in Guangzhou, Lin Zexu realized that the British colonists refused to give up the evil opium trade, and plan to use force to invade China. In order to fight against opium aggression, defeated the enemy, he carried out a lot of "learning the enemy's ability to resist the enemy" military reform practice. Lin Zexu in Guangdong side of the ban on smoking, while actively preparing for the construction of the fort, he believes that "people can be used," recruiting more than 5,000 fishermen compiled sailors, defeated the British provocation. In the second half of 1839, won the battle of Kowloon and other victories.

From March 1839, Lin Zexu arrived in Guangzhou to ban opium, to October 1840 the Qing Dynasty to stop Lin Zexu Governor of the two borough duties, Lin Zexu in Guangzhou hosted a ban on anti-British military struggle for 19 months. May 18, spent 34 days, 19187 boxes of smoke collected, the total weight of 1188127 kg. June 3, which lasted 23 days in the Humen destruction of opium, under the command of Lin Zexu, declared to the world the Chinese nation will not succumb to the determination of aggression. Lin Zexu went to Guangzhou to ban smoking, in the practice of fighting with the invaders, he realized that his lack of Western knowledge, he began to consciously purposefully to collect foreign newspapers, books, translation, in order to obtain valuable information, Understanding of "Western". By analyzing foreign political, legal, military, economic, cultural and other aspects, he realized that only to learn from Western countries, China can resist foreign aggression.

The destruction of opium in Humen is a feat of human history, showing an unparalleled image of the Chinese nation, a victory against foreign aggression. Lin Zexu, of course, is the event of the organizers, commanders and accomplices. In this sense, he has become a historical giant. Destruction of opium's just action, made the support of the broad masses of people in Humen beach every day tens of thousands of people watch, people are all clap praise. Foreigners see this situation, but also admiration for Lin Zexu smoking ban. In the Humen destruction of opium, is a modern history of anti-imperialist struggle in the glorious page, Lin Zexu led the victory of the ban on smoking, the Chinese people's struggle against aggression in the history of the first great victory, this feat, severely against foreign opium traders, Safeguarding the dignity and interests of the Chinese nation and increasing the aspirations of the Chinese people.

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