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Henry Norman Bethune

Henry Norman Bethune (Picture 1)


Henry Norman Bethune (March 3, 1890 - November 12, 1939), a member of the Canadian Communist Party, an internationalist warrior, a famous thoracic surgeon. Born in 1890 in Gravenhurst, Ontario, Canada, he joined the Communist Party of Canada in 1935. He came to China in 1938 to participate in the anti-Japanese revolution and died in 1939 due to illness. During his one-and-a-half-year work in China, he worked hard for the Chinese anti-Japanese revolution. Mao Zedong called him a noble person, a pure person, a moral person, a person who has escaped from the low-level taste, and a person who is beneficial to others.

On March 3, 1890, Henry Norman Bethune was born into a pastor's family in the small town of Gravenhurst in northern Ontario, Canada. Bethune was brave and adventurous. At the age of six, Bethune went alone to Toronto, far from the town, and walked away, but he didn't cry. When the police sent him home and his mother criticized him, he said, "I want to taste the taste of adventure." Once, he took his brother to climb the mountain and found a beautiful butterfly. He chased it and kept it. After catching up to the top of the mountain, I caught it and scared my brother who was waiting under the mountain. At the age of 8, Bethune caught the sparrow, and after he caught it, he dissected and learned his grandfather as a surgeon. He is still a swimmer and wants to swim across the Gulf of Zia at the age of 10.

In 1916, Henry Norman Bethune graduated from the University of Toronto School of Medicine with a bachelor's degree. In 1922, he was admitted to the Royal College of Surgeons. In 1923, Bethune passed a very strict examination and became a clinical graduate student at the Royal College of Surgeons. In 1924, Bethune was suffering from tuberculosis and was still struggling. He invented the "artificial pneumothorax therapy" and made great success in his own experiments. Its original thoracic surgery is well known in the medical world.

In early 1928, after the tuberculosis, Bethune returned to Montreal, Canada, and became the first assistant to Dr. Edward Archibald, a Canadian breast surgery pioneer at the Royal Victoria Hospital of McGill University, during which he invented and improved 12 medical surgical instruments. , also published 14 influential academic papers. In the summer of 1931, Bethune and the Philadelphia Philinson Company signed a Chartered Patent Agreement, which was responsible for the full manufacture and sale of surgical instruments invented by Bethune and named after Bethune Instruments. There are 22 such devices. These devices were in a leading position at the time. In 1933, he was hired as a consultant to the federal and local government health departments in Canada. In 1935, he was elected as a member and director of the American Thoracic Surgery Society.

In November 1935, Bethune joined the Communist Party of Canada. From 1936 to 1937, Bethune went to Spain to support the international anti-fascist volunteers in the Spanish Civil War. During this time he founded a mobile casualty emergency system, which became the prototype of a mobile military surgery hospital that was widely adopted in the future. In order to transfuse blood to rescue the wounded who have lost too much blood, he invented the world's first method of transporting blood, which is of great medical significance.

In 1937, China’s war of resistance against Japan broke out. In December 1937, Bethune went to New York to register with the International Aid China Council and offered to form a medical team to work with the guerrillas in northern China. On January 2, 1938, Bethune arrived in Hong Kong by sea from Vancouver with enough medicine and equipment from several medical teams. On March 31, 1938, he led a medical team composed of Canadians and Americans to Yan'an, China. Mao Zedong cordially met with Bethune and his party. In August 1938, he served as a health consultant for the Eighth Route Army Jinchaji Military Region. From November 1938 to February 1939, he led the medical team to the front line of Yanbei and Yuzhong in Shanxi for field treatment. In 4 months, he traveled 750 kilometers, performed more than 300 operations, and established 13 operating rooms and dressing facilities. To treat a large number of wounded. In early July 1938, he returned to the mountainous area of ​​western Yunnan to participate in the organization and leadership of the military health authorities. Established a health school, trained a large number of medical cadres; prepared a variety of field medical textbooks.

In late October 1939, Bethune was rescued by a scalpel when he rescued the wounded in the battle of Motianling in Wuyuan County, Hebei Province. In the early morning of November 12, 1939, Bethune was converted to sepsis due to bacterial infection during surgery, and the treatment was invalidated in Huangshikou Village, Tang County, Hebei Province. Mao Zedong wrote in the second volume of "Selected Works of Mao Zedong": A foreigner has no intention of his own, and regards the Chinese liberation cause as his own cause. This is the spirit of internationalism, which is the spirit of communism. Comrade Bethune has no self-interest in the spirit of special interests, showing his extreme responsibility for his work and his extreme enthusiasm for his comrades. Comrade Bethune is a doctor. He takes medicine as a profession and strives for excellence in technology. His medical skills are very high in the entire Eighth Route Medical System.

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