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Joan of Arc

Joan of Arc (Picture 1)


Joan of Arc (January 6, 1412 - May 30, 1431) was a French strategist and a Catholic saint who was regarded by the French as a national hero. In the British-French Hundred Years' War (1337 - 1453), she led the French army against the British invasion and was finally arrested and executed. After the death of Joan of Arc, she became an important part of Western culture. From Napoleon to the present, French politicians have used her great image to promote. The main writers and composers, including Shakespeare, Voltaire, Schiller, Verdi, Tchaikovsky, Mark Twain, Shaw, and Brecht have all written about her work, a large number of films, Drama, and music have been based on her and have continued to develop until now.

Joan of Arc was originally a French rural girl. She claimed that she met the angels St. Michael, St. Margaret and St. Gallen under the big tree behind the village on the thirteenth day. The revelation, asked her to bring troops to recover the French lost land that was occupied by the English at the time. Later, she turned several times and got military power. In 1429, she solved the Orleans encirclement and became a famous French hero. Afterwards, she led the soldiers to defeat the invaders of England many times. It also promoted Charles VII, who had the right to inherit the throne, on July 16 of the same year. The day was crowned.

Joan of Arc is very contemptuous of the strategy of the French generals who have always acted cautiously. On the battlefield, she used a positive and fierce attack to attack the British fortress. After the capture of several fortresses, the British army began to abandon other wooden defensive buildings and concentrated the remaining forces to defend a stone fortress, the Trelle fortress, which controlled the Orleans joint bridge. On May 7, 1429, the French army began to attack the Turkish army. Joan of Arc was shot off the front line by an arrow in the battle, but she quickly pulled the arrow out and was seriously injured. Return to the battlefield to lead the final offensive.

The rapid victory in the Battle of Orleans allowed the French to begin planning further offensives. The Englishman expects the next target of the French army to be Paris or Normandy; the Duke of Dinois later confirmed that this was indeed the goal of the original plan, but Joan of Arc insisted that it should attack Lance. After a series of unexpected victories, Joan of Arc promised Charlie to grant her and the Duke of Alençon the full power to command the army and obtain permission to attack the bridge near the Rol River as a prelude to attacking Lance later. This is a rather bold proposal, because Lance is twice as far as Paris and has penetrated into enemy territory.

The French captured Yarjo on June 12, 1429, and captured Moen on the Loire on June 15. Then he captured Bourges on June 17. The Duke of Alençon fully supported Joan of Arc. The decision made. Other generals, including the Duke of Dinou, were also impressed by Joan of Arc in the victory of Orléans, and turned into a loyal supporter of Joan of Arc. Joan of Arc in the battle of Zara, warning Alonson to evade the incoming artillery and saved his life. In the same battle, she was also hit by a stone when she climbed the siege ladder, but she continued to fight. On June 18th, the expected England reinforcements arrived, and the British commander was John Fastov. This battle of Patti can be seen as a reversal of the Battle of Agincourt: the French Vanguard in the British Longbow The soldiers’ squad was launched before the completion of the battle. In the following battles, a large number of British troops were annihilated or captured, and the British commanders were captured. A small group of soldiers fled Fastov became a shameful defeat in England. The scapegoat. The French army only suffered a small casualty in the battle.

However, Joan of Arc was captured by the Principality of Burgundy in a small conflict in Compiègne in 1430, and was soon purchased by the English for a large amount of money. The inquisition controlled by the English authorities sentenced her to a heresy and witch crime. On May 30, 1431, he was executed in public in Rouen, France. When the English army was completely expelled from France 20 years later, the old mother of Joan of Arc had persuaded Pope Calixter III to re-examine the case of Joan of Arc, and eventually rehabilitated her in 1456. It was sanctified by the Vatican 500 years later.

Beginning with Napoleon, Joan of Arc was often used as a symbol of politics in France. The liberals emphasized that she was born into a humble family, and the early conservatives emphasized her support for the king. Later conservatives emphasized her nationalism. In the Second World War, both Free France and the French resistance were marked by Joan of Arc: the propaganda of the Vichy government emphasized her deeds against the English, and the British military aircraft bombing Luang on the poster, supplemented by the title. "They always come back to show atrocities." The rebel forces emphasized her confrontation with foreign occupation forces and her hometown of Lorraine was controlled by the Nazis.

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