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French President Charles De Gaulle

French President Charles De Gaulle (Picture 1)

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Charles de Gaulle (1890-1970), French military strategist, politician, diplomat, writer, and founder of the Fifth Republic of France. He joined the army in 1913 and participated in the First World War. He was founded and established during the Second World War. Lead the free French government (French National Committee) against German aggression. The French people respectfully call him "General de Gaulle". In the 1960s, Gaullism led the French people to recognize the rationality of the national liberation movement, united European countries to oppose the US-Soviet struggle for hegemony, opposed US control, safeguarded national independence and national sovereignty, and enabled France to play its due role in international affairs. . In 2005, the "French Top Ten Great Man" selection held by French National Radio, TV audiences selected Charles de Gaulle as the greatest man in French history.

De Gaulle was born in Lille, in the northern province of Norre, and graduated from Saint Cyr Army School in 1912. He joined the army in the First World War in 1913. During the Second World War, he created and led the Free French Government (French National Committee) to fight against German aggression; after the war, he established the Fifth French Republic and served as the first president of the Republic. During his presidency, he advocated "easiness and cooperation" between the East and the West, and advocated trade and cultural exchanges with the Soviet Union and Eastern European countries. In 1964, General De Gaulle and Chairman Mao Zedong, with extraordinary strategic vision, resolutely made the historic decision to establish diplomatic relations between China and France in an all-round way, opening the door to mutual understanding and communication between China and France as well as between China and the Western world. He also advocated that the US military withdraw from Vietnam and travel around many countries to strengthen France's international status.

De Gaulleism, which was born in 1940, started when France surrendered and most of its overseas territories fell into enemy hands. France’s independence and sovereignty were no longer available, let alone the status of a power or a great power. De Gaulle was not afraid of rape, not afraid of people's petty power, he sent him under the fence, and rose up. He himself is looked down upon, and his regime has not been recognized by the allies for a long time. He missed the decision of major powers. At the end of the war, he only fought for the status of a "quasi-great power", but he never gave up on achieving his goals and never forgot to do so. France created great achievements, for which he competed with Roosevelt and argued with Churchill.

After the Second World War, the international situation entered a stage of confrontation between the two major camps headed by the United States and the Soviet Union. With the two superpowers of the United States and the Soviet Union trying to dominate the world, de Gaulle wants to achieve the noble goals established in Gaulleism. In addition to working hard to govern France itself, it is more important to be on the international stage under the control of the superpowers. And strive to be an important role. Whether it is an allied country or a friend, any words or deeds that try to prevent France from achieving this goal are a tit-for-tat counterattack. All the struggles that de Gaulle fought for this constituted the main content of de Gaulleism and the process of its birth, growth and development. It is also in this sense that the so-called de Gaulleism is the foreign policy thought and practice formulated by de Gaulle for France.

Former French President De Gaulle is not only a national hero in the hearts of the French people, but also a commendable father. At a historical juncture concerning the survival of the country, he stood at the forefront of the struggle and made important contributions to the victory of the anti-fascist war and the liberation of France. De Gaulle, known as France's "modern savior", died in 1970. While France was under the occupation of Nazi Germany, de Gaulle led the French resistance movement in Britain and later ended the Algerian War. In the 1960s, de Gaulle urged France to develop nuclear weapons, challenged the hegemony of the United States, and voted against Britain's entry into the European Union. This series of measures restored France's status as a major power and defended France's honor in the world. After the war, he has always maintained the dignity of France and improved France's international status, and he is worthy of being the standard bearer of free France.

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