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Kissinger, former US Secretary of State

Kissinger, former US Secretary of State (Picture 1)


Kissinger was born in Fuerth, Germany in 1923. He is a famous American diplomat and expert on international issues. He is a former US Secretary of State and a descendant of German Jews. He graduated from Harvard University. Due to the persecution of the Nazi Party, Kissinger moved to the United States in 1938 and became a US citizen in 1943. Together with Vietnamese Li Deshou, the 1973 Nobel Peace Prize winner, former US National Security Adviser (United States President’s Assistant to National Security Affairs), later served as Secretary of State of the Nixon Administration and continued to serve in the Ford Administration after the Watergate incident. As a supporter of real politics, between 1969 and 1977, Kissinger played a central role in US foreign policy and played an important role in the establishment of diplomatic relations between China and the United States.

Kissinger was born on May 27, 1923 in a Jewish family in Fürth, Germany. In 1938, he escaped from the Nazi persecution of the Jews and moved to New York with his parents. In the Hitler massacre of the 1930s, at least 13 relatives of Kissinger were sent into the gas chamber. In response, Walter Isaacson, one of Kissinger’s biographers, commented that Kissinger’s almost all personality traits, his philosophical pessimism, the coexistence of his confidence and insecurity, and his vulnerability to himself The feeling of emptiness and his arrogance due to longing for praise can be traced back to that historical disaster. After Kissinger arrived in the United States, his parents sent him to Washington High School to study. There are 5,000 students in this school, many of whom are Jews. Kissinger's greatest wish was to be an accountant after graduation.

However, the involvement of the United States in the Second World War changed Kissinger's fate. He joined American citizenship in 1943 and was shortly recruited into the army to serve in the US Army. In the army, he was fortunate to meet the German soldier Kremer, who became the first Bole to discover Kissinger. In his first conversation with Kissinger, Kramer identified Kissinger as a born wizard. In September 1944, the 84th US Division of Kissinger’s troops was sent to the European battlefield. At the beginning of the second year, they entered Germany. Due to Kramer’s suggestion, Kissinger was transferred to the division as a German interpreter, and the rank was promoted from a soldier to a sergeant. In the last months of World War II, he was transferred from the 84th Division to the 970th Counterintelligence Force, and was appointed as the Army Sergeant Staff. In March 1945, Kissinger was also appointed as an official to take over the occupied German cities. During his tenure, Kissinger demonstrated excellent administrative abilities and overcame the retaliation against the Germans and used his power cautiously.

In 1952, Kissinger received a master's degree, in 1954 received a doctorate of philosophy. While studying at Harvard, Kissinger was honored to have William Elliott as his mentor. Elliott graduated from Oxford University in the United Kingdom and is a legend of Harvard, a believer in Hegel. His professor gave Kissinger a complete set of conservative political philosophies, and became the second Bole to discover Kissinger. Kissinger’s doctoral thesis entitled "Reconstructed World-Metternich, Castlerel, and Peace, 1812–1822", this article focuses on the establishment and maintenance of the Vienna system in 1815, which is actually for Europe The review of the classical balance of power theory has established Kissinger's reputation as a first-class scholar in the school of realism. In 1957, Kissinger published the book "Nuclear Weapons and Foreign Policy", which first proposed the theory of limited warfare, which made Kissinger famous in the academic and foreign policy research fields. In the same year, Harvard University decided to hire Kissinger and awarded him the rank of lecturer. From 1957 to 1969, Kissinger served as a lecturer, associate professor, and professor at Harvard University. At the same time, he also served outside the school as part-time director of the Rockefeller Brothers Foundation Special Research Program, member of the Center for International Issues, National Security Council, and RAND Corporation.

In the 1968 presidential campaign, Kissinger served as Nelson Rockefeller’s foreign policy adviser, but Nixon later defeated Rockefeller, won the Republican presidential nomination and ultimately won the election. In the campaign, Kissinger once scolded Nixon as a blood sprinkler, but Nixon did not look forward to it. He took a fancy to Kissinger’s diplomatic ability. He decided to hire Kissinger as assistant to the President’s National Security Affairs and became the discovery of Kissinger. The third Bole. In January 1969, Kissinger left the Harvard campus to take up his post in Washington, realizing the transformation from a literati strategist to a policy maker. From 1969 to 1973, Kissinger was an assistant to the National Security Affairs of the Nixon government and concurrently served as the director of the National Security Council until 1975. From 1973 to 1977, he also served as the US Secretary of State and won the highest political position available to the first immigrants. During his tenure, Kissinger believed in balance-of-balance diplomacy, actively promoted the improvement of relations between the Nixon government and China, and pursued a "mitigation" strategy for the Soviet Union, thereby building a stable world peace structure based on balance of power. At the same time, he also played an important role in easing the relations between Arab countries and Israel.

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