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Kissinger, former U.S. Secretary of State

Kissinger, former U.S. Secretary of State (Picture 1)


Kissinger, born in Fürth, Germany in 1923, is a famous American diplomat, expert on international issues, former US Secretary of State, descended from German Jews, and graduated from Harvard University. Due to the persecution of the Nazi Party, Kissinger immigrated to the United States in 1938 and became American in 1943. He was the winner of the Nobel Peace Prize in 1973 with the Vietnamese Le Duc Tho. He was the former US National Security Advisor (US President's National Security Affairs Assistant), and later served as the Secretary of State of the Nixon Administration and continued to hold this post in the Ford administration after the Watergate Incident. As a supporter of real politics, Kissinger played a central role in American foreign policy from 1969 to 1977, and played an important role in the establishment of diplomatic relations between China and the United States.

Kissinger was born in a Jewish family in Fürth, Germany on May 27, 1923. In 1938, he moved to New York with his parents to escape the persecution of Jews by the Nazis. In the Hitler massacre in the 1930s, at least 13 of Kissinger's relatives were sent into the gas chamber. In this regard, Walter Isaacson, one of Kissinger’s biographers, commented that almost all of Kissinger’s personality traits, his philosophical pessimism, the coexistence of his confidence and insecurity, and his vulnerability to injury The feeling of emptiness and his arrogance because of his desire for praise can be traced back to that historical disaster. After Kissinger arrived in the United States, his parents sent him to Washington Senior High School. This school has 5,000 students, many of whom are Jewish. At that time Kissinger's greatest wish was to become an accountant after graduation.

However, the involvement of the United States in World War II changed Kissinger's fate. He joined the United States in 1943 and soon enlisted in the army to serve in the United States Army. In the army, he was fortunate enough to meet Kremer, a private soldier of German origin, who became the first Bole to discover Kissinger. In his first conversation with Kissinger, Kremer decided that Kissinger was a born wizard. In September 1944, Kissinger's unit, the 84th Division of the US Army, was sent to the European battlefield. At the beginning of the second year, they drove into Germany. Due to Kremer's suggestion, Kissinger was transferred to the division as a German translator, and his rank was promoted from a private to a sergeant. In the final months of World War II, he was transferred from the 84th Division to the 970th Anti-intelligence Unit and was appointed as the Staff Sergeant of the Army. In March 1945, Kissinger was also appointed as the official to take over the occupied German cities. During his tenure, Kissinger demonstrated outstanding administrative skills, and overcame his vengeance against the Germans and cautiously used his power.

In 1952, Kissinger received a master's degree, and in 1954 he received a doctorate of philosophy. During his studies at Harvard, Kissinger was honored to have William Elliott as his mentor. Elliott graduated from Oxford University in the United Kingdom, is a legendary figure at Harvard and a follower of Hegel. He taught Kissinger a complete set of conservative political philosophy and became the second Bole to discover Kissinger. Kissinger’s doctoral dissertation is titled "The Reconstructed World—Metternich, Castlere and Peace, 1812-1222". The essay focuses on the establishment and maintenance of the Vienna System in 1815, which is actually a question of Europe. A review of the classical balance of power theory, which established Kissinger's reputation as a top scholar in the realism school. In 1957, Kissinger published the book "Nuclear Weapons and Foreign Policy", which first proposed the theory of limited warfare, which made Kissinger a hit in the academic circles and foreign policy research fields. In the same year, Harvard University decided to hire Kissinger and award him the rank of lecturer. From 1957 to 1969, Kissinger served as a lecturer, associate professor, and professor at Harvard University. At the same time, he also served as the director of the Rockefeller Brothers Foundation Special Research Program, a member of the Center for International Issues, the National Security Council, and the RAND Corporation consultant outside the school.

In the 1968 presidential campaign, Kissinger served as Nelson Rockefeller’s foreign policy adviser, but Nixon later defeated Rockefeller, won the Republican presidential nomination and eventually won the election. During the campaign, Kissinger used to scold Nixon as a bloody spit, but Nixon ignored the previous suspicions. He took a fancy to Kissinger’s diplomatic skills. He decided to hire Kissinger as the president’s assistant to the president for national security affairs and became the discovery of Kissinger. The third Bole. In January 1969, Kissinger left the Harvard campus and took up his post in Washington, realizing the transformation from a literati strategist to a policy maker. From 1969 to 1973, Kissinger served as the National Security Assistant to the Nixon Administration and concurrently served as the Director of the National Security Council until 1975. From 1973 to 1977, he concurrently served as the Secretary of State of the United States and obtained the first highest political post that immigrants could get. During his tenure, Kissinger believed in balance of power diplomacy, actively promoted the Nixon administration to improve relations with China, and pursued a "moderation" strategy against the Soviet Union, thus building a stable world peace structure based on balance of power. At the same time, he also played an important role in the easing of relations between Arab countries and Israel.

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