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The novel "Jean-Christophe"

The novel Jean-Christophe (Picture 1)


"Jean-Christophe" is a novel written by French writer Romain Rolland in 1912. The novel describes the life of the protagonist's struggle, from the awakening of childhood musical talents, to the contempt and resistance of power in the youth, to the pursuit and success of the career in adulthood, and finally to the lofty realm of spiritual tranquility. Through the life experience of the protagonist to reflect a series of contradictions and conflicts in the real society, to promote the novels of humanitarianism and heroism. In 1915, Romain Rolland won the Nobel Prize in Literature for his book "Jean-Christophe". "Jean-Christophe" is a long-lasting masterpiece that took more than 20 years. Romain Rolland began to conceive ideas in 1890. In February 1902, "Half-Monthly Series" was published. The first volume of the novel was "Dawn", and it was not until 1912 that the tenth volume, the last volume, "New Life" was published.

"Jean-Christophe" seems to be the "spiritual will" of an era. Romain Rolland is also known as the "Conscience of Europe" because of his dream of reconstructing the Western spirit. The most influential of this book is the European "trio" of Germany, France and Italy represented by Christophe, Orivi, and Grazia. This is the overall symbol of human harmony and the author. Reconstruct the concrete manifestation of the Western spirit. Christophe represents Germany's wild, powerful, and creative power; Orivi represents France's freedom and fresh, with advanced thinking; Grazia represents Italy's harmonious and feminine, with a realistic spirit. Although the three have different qualities, the creation, thinking, and reality are complementary, inseparable, and mutually influential. In the prominent position, the author describes the close friendship between Christophe and Orivi, and the poetic “Platonic” love of Grazia. This subtle relationship between the authors is the author’s opposition to militarism and ethnic discrimination. A symbolic manifestation of the humanitarian ideal of human harmony. At the same time, there are also criticisms of these three. Such as: Germany-the firm but idealistic scorpion is selfish; France-surrounded by the art of corruption; Italy-their idealism will never forget themselves, lack of broad mind.

Romain Rolland was born in 1866 and died in 1944. His life spanned the entire historical period of the Third Republic of France. Although the French economy developed during these decades, after the Franco-Prussian War and the Paris Commune Uprising Napoleon's molecular and feudal remnants still have a market. In addition to the two world wars and the Dreyfus incident, the society is fiercely turbulent, the mind is chaotic, the hearts of the people are floating, the world is in the air, the individualism is flooding, and the wind of enjoyment is prevalent. The so-called post-symbolicism of literary stagnation, overkill, and lack of anger. As a humanitarian writer and thinker, Romain Rolland faces harsh social realities, pays attention to social issues, and participates in political life. His ideological tendencies and value orientations are expressed in literary works. Romain Rolland believes that true art should be noble and ethical and combative. It can touch the conscience of generations in the world and help them stand taller and look farther.

Regarding the creative intent, Romain Rolland wrote in “To Jean-Christophe's friends”: “I should introduce my background in the overall planning of this book. I am Lonely. Like many people in France, I am suppressed in a society that opposes my morality; I want to breathe freely, to rise up to unsound civilizations and thoughts that are eroded by some inferior elites. Fighting... For this, I need a hero with a bright heart. He should have a very noble moral sentiment to have the right to speak. There are quite a few tricks for others to hear him. I have patiently shaped this hero. "He declared" My "Jean-Christophe" is not for the literati. " " I hope he will be in direct contact with the lonely soul and sincere heart who live outside literature. " "

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