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Temple of Artemis

Temple of Artemis (Picture 1)
Temple of Artemis (Picture 1)
Temple of Artemis (Picture 2)
Temple of Artemis (Picture 3)
Temple of Artemis (Picture 4)
Temple of Artemis (Picture 5)
Temple of Artemis (Picture 6)

For people in ancient times, hunting was not a leisure and entertainment project, but one of the main means of raising a family. Therefore, as the goddess of hunting in ancient Greek mythology, Artemis was deeply loved by the Greek people. In order to show their devotion to her, about 550 BC, the ancient Greeks built the world-famous Temple of Artemis. The Temple of Artemis is one of the seven wonders of the ancient world. The Temple of Artemis was the largest marble building in the world at that time, covering an area of ​​6,050 square meters, which is bigger than a football field. The ruins of the Temple of Artemis are estimated to be located in the ancient city of Ephesus, about 50 kilometers south of Izmir, Turkey.

In 1836, the British amateur tourist and archaeologist John Toutwood was extremely eager to find the Temple of Artemis, and excavated with the funding of the British Museum. He first found an inscription on the inner wall of the Amphitheatre in Aphesus. It was written by a local citizen, Darius, who was a local citizen. The inscription records that a large number of gold statues of the goddess Artemis were donated to the Great Temple. Among them, what attracted him most was These statues will walk from the shrine to the Menaya Gate every year on the birthday of the goddess Artemis. Tutwood believes that the road to the temple can be found only by looking for the Menaya Gate. After eleven years of excavation, Wood is in Seven meters underground, the remains of the temple were dug out. Based on the unearthed building materials and column fragments, with the assistance of artists and architects, the original face of the temple was successfully outlined.

However, during the excavation, Wood only missed the statue of Goddess Artemis. Many years later, Australian archaeologists found a statue of the goddess behind the city hall wall. She lay in the dark for seventeen centuries. Once welcomed countless merchant ships from Greece, Phoenicia and other places, as well as the fleet of Carthage, and the prosperous city of Ephesus, the Turks. The Temple of Artemis is said to be located in the ancient city of Ephesus (about 50 kilometers south of Izmir in Turkey). It is located in Asia Minor. It is one of the cities in the ancient Ionian region. It has become a business in West Asia around the sixth century BC. Central and prosperous for a while, it is a very wealthy city. Many great philosophers and poets appeared during this period.

The Temple of Artemis was the largest marble building in the world at that time, covering an area of ​​6,050 square meters, larger than a football field. The most famous of the entire temple is the two rows of marble columns inside, at least 106, each about 12 to 18 meters high. The interior and exterior of the temple were decorated with reliefs of bronze, silver, gold and ivory by famous artists at that time. In the center of the gorgeous temple is a "U"-shaped altar with a statue of the goddess Artemis for worship. The Temple of Artemis has undergone 7 reconstructions. In 356 BC, the temple was destroyed by fire. When it was rebuilt, the length of the marble column was increased to 21.7 meters, and 13 steps were added to surround it. In the early 5th century AD, the Eastern Roman Empire occupied Ephesus. Its Emperor Odysseus II was an avid Christian believer and did not believe in the goddess of hunting at all. Under the order of Odysseus, the Temple of Artemis was completely destroyed and disappeared from the world forever.

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