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Snowy

Snowy (Picture 1)

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The snowy owl is a large owl of the owl family, with a round and small head, an inconspicuous face, and no ear feather clusters. The head of the mouth is covered with whiskers like bristles, almost covering the mouth. The iris is golden yellow, the mouth is lead gray or brown, the claw base is gray, and the end is black. Its plumage color is very beautiful, the whole body is snow white, and sometimes it is covered with dark horizontal spots. Snowy owls have footprints all over the Arctic tundra and islands in the Arctic Circle that are not completely covered by snow and ice, including Alaska, Canada, Greenland, northern Scandinavia, Russia, northern Novaya Zemlya and northern Siberia.

Snowy owl inhabits frozen soil and tundra, and is also found in wasteland hills. Feeds on rodents, birds, and insects. Breeds in the Arctic and Siberia. The snowy owl lives in the Arctic. Owls usually come out to hunt at night, while snowy owls can come out day and night. Owls usually live in trees. There is no such condition in the Arctic, so snowy owls can only build their own nests on rocks. The snowy owl lays 12 eggs a year. When the female snowy owl hatches the eggs in the nest, the male snowy owl takes on the task of foraging and protecting the home. It mainly preys on lemmings, and occasionally large prey such as hares, gulls and ducks.

Because the snow owl is active during the day, it also has aerobatic performances that other owls do not have when courting and showing off. The snow owl courtship performance is complex and exquisite, consisting of two parts, an aerial performance and a ground performance. The courtship performance begins with an aerial performance. First, the male snowy owl will grab a rock thunderbird with its beak or two claws, and fly up and down, then continue to climb, and finally end with a graceful vertical landing. After landing, the male snow owl will perform on the ground. First, it will stand upright with its back facing the female snow owl, then lower its head and tilt its body towards the ground. The tail feathers are fan-shaped and not fully spread out, and the whole body is almost attached to the ground.

The snowy owl is the provincial bird of Quebec, Canada, and the 50 Canadian dollar banknote issued in 1986 also has the image of the snowy owl; the biggest threat to the snowy owl is the impact of human activities on their living environment, and their main cause of death is the transmission line , Fences, cars collide, and people sometimes kill snowy owls for eating their meat, as souvenirs, or protecting hunted animals. Canadian provinces and territories where snow owls are widely distributed have issued regulations prohibiting the hunting of snow owls nationwide.

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