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Chinese giant panda

Chinese giant panda (Picture 1)


Giant pandas are endemic to China, and the main habitat is China's Sichuan, Shaanxi and Gansu mountains. Giant pandas have survived at least 8 million years on Earth, known as the "living fossil" and "national treasure", the World Wildlife Fund's ambassador, is the world's flagship species of biodiversity conservation. According to the fourth national giant panda field population survey results, the wild giant panda only 1864, of which more than 80% of the distribution in Sichuan, it belongs to China's national level to protect animals. By the end of 2015, the world's captive units were captive pandas 425 only. The giant panda was originally eating meat, evolved, 99% of the food was bamboo, but the teeth and the digestive tract remained intact, still divided into carnivores, when the risk of its anger comparable to other bear species. Wild panda life of 18 to 20 years old, captive state can be more than 30 years old.

The history of the giant panda can be described as a long history. The most ancient giant panda members to date-the panda fossils unearthed in China's Yunnan Lufeng and Yuanmou two places, the geological age of about 800 million years ago in the late Miocene. In the long harsh survival competition and natural selection, and their contemporaries are many animals have been extinct, but the giant panda is strong, in the advantage of becoming a "living fossil" saved to today. Fossils show that the giant panda ancestors appeared in the early years of Hong Gengji 2 to 3 million years ago. Giant panda's habitat has covered most of the eastern and southern parts of China, north of Beijing, south of southern Myanmar and Vietnam North. Fossils are usually found in temperate or subtropical forests at altitudes of 500 to 700 m. Later, animals have been extinct over the same period, the giant panda has been relics so far, and to maintain the original characteristics of the original.

The giant panda lives in a dense bamboo forest at an altitude of 2600 to 3500 meters, where the perennial air is thin and cloudy, and the temperature is below 20 ° C. Some other factors will also affect the distribution and density of wild pandas: bamboo, terrain, water distribution, whether there is hiding place and nursery nests and mountains and so on. Giant pandas are not afraid of cold and damp, never hibernation. Even if the temperature at-4 ~ 14 ℃ they still walk through the snow in the bamboo. They are not afraid of damp, always love more than 80% humidity in the wet days of life.

Giant pandas mainly eat bamboo, but also love drinking water, most of the giant panda's homes are located near the stream, the nearest can drink the spring. The giant panda takes half the time to eat every day, and the rest of the time is spent in sleep. In the wild, the giant pandas sleep 2 to 4 hours in the middle of every two meals, lying flat, lying down, prone, stretched or curled into a group are their favorite way to sleep. Inside the zoo, the breeder feeds them twice a day. Even when sleeping, the giant panda looks very cute. They are very flexible, able to put their bulky body into a variety of posture. Its favorite posture is the legs in the tree, and hand cover their own eyes. Often, giant panda temperament is always very gentle, they rarely take the initiative to attack other animals or people.

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