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Valuable ginseng

Valuable ginseng (Picture 1)


Ginseng is a perennial herb with a cool, cold-resistant, cold-tolerant temperature of -40 ° C. The leaves have no pores and palisade tissue and cannot retain moisture. The temperature is higher than 32 degrees and the leaves will burn. Usually 3 years of flowering, 5-6 years of results, flowering period from May to June, fruiting period from June to September. It is grown in the northeastern China, North Korea, South Korea, Japan, and eastern Russia. The ginseng is also known as the yellow ginseng, the goblin, the god grass, the king of the herb, is one of the famous "three treasures of the Northeast" in China.

The reason why ginseng is very rare and very expensive is mainly related to its medicinal value. The fleshy root of ginseng is a famous strong nourishing medicine. It is suitable for adjusting blood pressure, restoring heart function, neurasthenia and weak body. It also has effects such as phlegm, stomach, diuretic and excitement. In the very early medical book "Shen Nong's Herbal Classic", it is believed that ginseng has the effect of "filling the five internal organs, maintaining the spirit, setting the soul, stopping the horror, removing the evil spirits, and clearing the eyes and happy puzzles". Li Shizhen also highly praised ginseng in the "Compendium of Materia Medica" and believed that it can "treat all men and women with deficiency syndrome." For thousands of years, ginseng in Chinese herbal medicine has been listed as “top grade”.

Ancient geologists and paleontologists have concluded that ginseng is one of the oldest relict plants on earth. In the Tertiary (65 million years ago - 1.8 million years ago), where quilts are extremely prosperous on Earth, ginseng is widely proliferated in the plant kingdom. It is recognized that ginseng is distributed between 33 and 48 degrees north latitude. The records of Chinese herbal literature confirm that the distribution of Chinese ginseng is consistent with the history of paleogeology and paleontology.

Wild ginseng grows in the mountain coniferous and broad-leaved mixed forest or mixed forest, mainly growing in Changbai Mountain and Xiaoxing'anling area. Wild ginseng is very rare. According to the year and size, the price of wild ginseng varies greatly. The expensive wild ginseng can be sold for tens of thousands of yuan. The content of active ingredients of wild ginseng is also high. Discrimination method: long strips must be old and tough, smooth and long, and the small nickname suffixed with millet grains is called "pearl point". Those who are white and tender (commonly known as water whiskers) are not pure wild ginseng. Old skin, yellowish brown, texture is tight and shiny. Those who are tender and white are not pure ginseng.

Ginseng is more susceptible to moisture, oil, mold, discoloration, insects and other deterioration due to its high content of sugars, mucilage and volatile oil. The cryopreservation method is an ideal method. Ginseng should be dried before collection. The best exposure time is between 9 am and 4 pm, but ginseng should not be exposed for a long time, and ginseng for medicinal purposes has reached a certain degree of dryness. Generally, you only need to ginseng in the afternoon for 1-2 hours. After it has cooled down, wrap it in a plastic bag and put it in the freezer compartment of the refrigerator for a long time.

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