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Longmen Grottoes

Longmen Grottoes (Picture 1)
Longmen Grottoes (Picture 1)
Longmen Grottoes (Picture 2)
Longmen Grottoes (Picture 3)
Longmen Grottoes (Picture 4)
Longmen Grottoes (Picture 5)
Longmen Grottoes (Picture 6)
Longmen Grottoes (Picture 7)
Longmen Grottoes (Picture 8)
Longmen Grottoes (Picture 9)

Longmen Grottoes is located in Luoyang City, Henan Province. It is the most statues in the world and the largest stone carved art treasure trove. The grottoes in the Longmen area were chosen in the Northern Wei Dynasty, flourishing in the Tang Dynasty, and finally in the late Qing Dynasty.After more than 10 dynasties including the Northern Wei Dynasty, the Eastern Wei Dynasty, the Western Wei Dynasty, the Northern Qi, the Sui, the Sui, the Fifth Dynasties, the Song, Ming, and Qing dynasties, it has created more than 1,400 years in succession, which is the longest -built grotto in the world.The Longmen Grottoes Scenic Area is composed of four attractions: Xishan Grottoes, Dongshan Grottoes, Xiangshan Temple and Baiyuan.It was rated as "the highest peak of Chinese stone carvings art" by the United Nations Science and Education and Literature Organization. It ranks first in major grottoes in China.

Longmen was excluded by Dayu's water, and the legend of Yuyue Longmen also occurred here.Its cave began during the Emperor Xiaowen of the Northern Wei Dynasty.After more than 10 dynasties, it has created more than 1,400 years in succession, and has been the longest -built grotto in the world.A large number of paintings were used during construction, and today it has faded.It is densely covered on the cliffs of Yishui and West Mountains. It is 1 kilometer from north to south. The existing cave is 2345, with more than 110,000 statues.Caves are called four major caves.The statues of Longmen Grottoes are mostly built by the Royal Nobels and are unique royal caves in the world.After Wu Zetian was carved with his appearance, the Great Buddha of Lasana, and the news of building heaven in the Palace of Luoyang Palace into Japan, Emperor Shengwu made a wow in "I was also converting" and established Dongda Temple in Nara.In addition, Emperor Xiaowen chisen the ancient Yangdong cave, the grandson of the Lanling King Yu Wanfo Cave, Li Tai created Binyang South Cave for the eldest grandson, Wei Guifei Jianjing Temple, and Gaolishi created the Buddhist Buddha for Tang Xuanzong.

Longmen Grottoes have shown a trend of Sinicization, which is the "milestone" of the art of Chinese Grottoes.It has also been created by countries such as Tianzhu, Silla, Tuhuoluo, and Kangguo. It is found that European patterns, ancient Greek -columns, etc. are found to be the highest level of internationalization in the world.There are more than 2,860 items of Longmen Grottoes inscriptions, which are known as the ancient monument forest.Representative works: "Twenty Dragon Gate", Longmen Shuangyu (Chu Suiliang's "Yisu Buddha Stele", Song Zhenzong's "Longmen Ming Stele"), is a masterpiece of Chinese calligraphy art.There are a large number of physical materials in Longmen Grottoes retained in the aspects of religion, art, architecture, calligraphy, music, music, clothing, medicine, etc., which reflect the development and changes in many fields such as ancient Chinese politics, economy, religion, culture, etc. from different aspects.The innovation and development of art made great contributions.

Among the caves in Longmen, about 30%of the Northern Wei Caves, 60%of the Tang Dynasty, and only about 10%of other dynasties.The Northern Wei Dynasty represents the caves include Guyang Cave, Binyang Cave, Lotus Cave, etc.The Five Dynasties of the Sui and Tang Dynasties represent the cave. There are Dalu Shexiana, Jingshan Temple, Wanfo Cave, and Huijian Cave. It is the heyday of the statue of the Longmen Grottoes.In the Song Dynasty, Chen Yan's "Cross Stele" and Song Zhenzong's "Longmen Ming Stele".In the Song Dynasty, some caves were chisen in Longmen Grottoes, and in order to protect the statues of Lushe, they stamped nine wooden -structured roof buildings, commonly known as "nine rooms".In the Ming Dynasty, the surface of the outer door of the Huijian Cave Cave, the top five squares and semi -circular monuments were carved with the shaped inscriptions of the Yin line. The times were all in the 31st year of the Ming Wanli.In the Qing Dynasty, Emperor Qianlong traveled to Xinglongmen in 1750 and left the monument pavilion at Xiangshan Temple in Longmen.

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