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Kremlin, Russia

Kremlin, Russia (Picture 1)


The Kremlin is a group of buildings located in the heart of Moscow. It is the symbol of the Russian Federation and the seat of the Presidential Palace. It is located on the Borovitzki hill in the center of the Russian capital. It faces the Moskva River in the south, the Alexander Rovski Gardens in the northwest, and the Red Square in the northeast, forming a triangle. The remaining wall is 2,235 meters long, 6 meters thick, and 14 meters high. There are 18 towers on the wall, which are scattered on the triangular palace wall. The most spectacular and famous one is the tower of the Savior with tolling bells. The five largest city gate towers and arrow towers are equipped with ruby ​​five-pointed stars, which is what people call the Kremlin red star. The Kremlin enjoys the reputation of "the eighth wonder of the world". The Kremlin is one of the largest architectural complexes in the world and a treasure house of historical treasures, cultural and artistic monuments.

In 1320, Ivan I began to build the Kremlin with oak logs and limestone, decorated with intricate and exquisite carvings, and each roof was built into a special dome shape. The Kremlin became the center of the Principality of Moscow. In 1472, when Ivan III married Princess Sophia Paleorog of the Byzantine Empire, he was determined to rebuild the Uspenski Cathedral under Ivan I. Finally, he hired the Italian Lu at a high salary of ten rubles a month. Dolf Fiorovati served as an engineer. In 1479, the Uspenski Cathedral in the center of the Kremlin was completed, with its golden domes and towering spires gleaming in the sun. From the 15th to the 16th centuries, the Assumption Church, Angel Church, Annunciation Church, Ivan the Great Bell Tower and Duoleng Palace were built on the central church square. In 1788, the Senate Building was completed.

During World War II, Stalin had been commanding the Patriotic War against German fascism in the Kremlin. Under the indiscriminate bombing of German aircraft, the Kremlin did not suffer any major losses. It was a miracle. The 64-year top-secret document kept by the Russian National Archives, which has just been declassified, reveals the greatest contributor to this miracle: careful disguise. The 28-hectare Kremlin is completely painted in camouflage colors, the buildings are covered with cloth, and the glittering gold at the top of the church is also covered by paint. One month after the outbreak of the Great Patriotic War, for the German pilots, the Kremlin suddenly disappeared from Moscow mysteriously, often unable to find the target and complete the bombing mission.

The Kremlin is located in the center of Moscow, Russia, and is one of the symbols of Russia. Surrounding the Kremlin is a group of large-scale, exquisitely designed buildings such as the Red Square and the Church Square. In addition, there are the Privy Council Building built in the 18th century, and the Great Kremlin and Arms Museum built in the 19th century. Each building contains the unparalleled wisdom of the Russian people and is a rare masterpiece in the history of world architecture. The palace preserves masterpieces of Russian casting art: the 40-ton "Cannon King" and the 200-ton "Bell King". The Kremlin has thus become Russia's cherished cultural heritage.

The Kremlin, a world-famous architectural complex, enjoys the reputation of "the eighth wonder of the world" and is a must-see for tourists. The Kremlin is located on the northern bank of Moscow in the center of Moscow 87. The main building was built in the 14th century. It was once the palace of the Russian tsar. During the Soviet Union, it was the residence of the national party and government agencies and the office of the Russian presidential palace and state leaders. The Kremlin faces the Moskva River to the south, the Alexandrov Gardens to the northwest, and the Red Square to the east, covering an area of ​​275,000 square meters. The palace wall is generally triangular, about 2,300 meters long, and more than 20 beautiful towers stand along the wall. The palace buildings are magnificent and magnificent. The Cathedral of the Assumption where the Czar was coronated was the most majestic. The classical Russian-style Great Kremlin is the main place for the government to hold major state events: the Georgi Hall is golden red. It is mainly used for leaders to hold state talks; the golden and green Vladimir Hall is used for signing ceremonies and award ceremonies.

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