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Louvre, France

Louvre, France (Picture 1)

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The Louvre is located in the north bank of the Senna River in the heart of Paris, France, ranking five major museums in the world. It was built in 1204, the original Royal Palace, lived in 50 French kings and the queen, is one of the most precious buildings in the French Renaissance to collect rich classical paintings and engraving. Now it is the Louvre Museum, accounting for about 198 hectares. The Louvre Tibetan is known as the world's three treasures, "Mona Lisa" oil painting and victory god stone carving, the art collection of more than 400,000 pieces, including sculptures, painting, art craftsmanship and ancient oriental , Ancient Egypt and ancient Greece, ancient Rome and other six doors. From ancient Egypt, Greece, Eturia, Rome's art, to the art of the Eastern countries, there are sculptures from the Middle Ages to modern times, as well as quantitative royal enthusiasm and painting boutique.

The Louvre is one of the four major museums of the world. It was built in 1204, which was only the castle of Philip August II Palace. The palace is known for its collection of rich classical paintings and engraving, one of the most precious buildings in French Renaissance. Its overall building is "U" shape, covers an area of ​​24 hectares, and the building covers an area of ​​4.8 hectares. The Louvre Congratulations to the Greek Roman Art Museum, Egyptian Art Museum, Oriental Art Museum, Painting Museum, Engraving Hall, and Decorative Art Museum. In 1204, in the Temple of Crusaders, in order to defend the North Shore in the Paris area, Philip II has built a castle to the Seine, mainly to store the archives and treasures of the royal family, and also store his dog and prisoners of war. It was called the Louvre at the time. That Charlie May, the Louvre is as a palace, thus making it a completely different buildings.

In the middle of the 16th century, after the Francis inherited the throne, the palace was demolished. He ordered the architect Pierre Leisco on the basis of the original castle. Francis also invited the famous painter to draw a portrait of him. He worshiped the painter of Italian Painted Painter, bought the painting of the most famous painter Fairo, Italy. Includes treasures such as "Mona Lisa". After the Son of Francis I Henry II, the part of his father destroyed was retreated. Henry loves the decoration of architectural art in French Renaissance, which is not interested in Italian buildings. He followed his father's hobbies, but he did not have the same aesthetics as his father.

During Henry IV, he spent 13 years of Kung Fu built the most spectacular part of the Louvre - big gallery. This is a gorgeous corridor for up to 300 meters. The corridor is very long, Henry is planted here, and also raises birds and dogs. Louis 14 is a famous king in the history of France. He is called the Sun King. When he went to the quilt, he did 72 years in the Louvre. Louis XIV built a square courtyard, and built a rich emperor's gallery outside outside the courtyard. He bought paintings of Europe, including works of Kashi, Lumbar. He is obsessed with art and architecture, causing the French treasury emptiness. During Louis XV during the position, the famous 1789 revolution has built a famous 1789 revolution, and the first header station of the French revolution was established in the "Arena" yard of the Louvre. On May 27, 1792, the National Assembly announced that the Louvre will belong to the public.

On August 10, 1793, the Louvre Art Museum was officially opened to the public museum. This situation continued for 6 years until Napoleon I moved into the Louvre. Napoleon built more houses in the outer circumference of this building, and enhanced the two wings of the palace, and also built the arch in the competition, the first batch of engraved horse on the arches was taken from Venice's St. Marco church. Down. Napoleon decorates the Louvre in an unprecedented way, and he moves the best artworks that can be provided in other European countries into the Louvre. Napoleon continued to expand, and called the European, so thousands of tons of art from the hall of all conquest countries, libraries and Catholic Church. Paris. Napoleon renamed the Louvre as the Napoleon Museum, and the huge gallery is also covered with the artwork. In the Louvre, Napoleon's glory lasted for 12 years, and he went to the defeat of Waterloo's battle.

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