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Beijing Palace Museum

Beijing Palace Museum (Picture 1)

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The Palace Museum in Beijing is a comprehensive museum in China. It was established on October 10, 1925. It is located in the Forbidden City of the Forbidden City in Beijing. Its collections include but are not limited to the imperial palaces of the Ming and Qing dynasties and their collections. The Palace Museum in Beijing is the largest museum of ancient culture and art in China and the first batch of national patriotic education demonstration bases. One of the three largest palaces in the world. The Forbidden City of Beijing is the first batch of national key cultural relics protection units, the first batch of national 5A-level tourist attractions, and the national advanced unit for the ideological and moral construction of minors. It was selected as the "World Cultural Heritage List" in 1987.

The Palace Museum is located in the center of Beijing. It is 753 meters wide from east to west and 961 meters long from north to south. It covers an area of ​​more than 723,600 square meters. It is surrounded by a 10-meter-high city wall and a 52-meter-wide moat (tube river). There is one gate on each of the four sides of the city wall: Wumen in the south, Shenwumen in the north, Donghuamen and Xihuamen on the left and right, among which Wumen is the entrance for visitors, and Shenwumen is the exit for visitors. The total area of ​​ancient buildings in the city is about 160,000 square meters (163,000 square meters in one case). The entire group of palaces have a strict layout and order. The layout and form are designed and constructed in strict accordance with the feudal etiquette system and the theory of the five elements of yin and yang, reflecting the supremacy of the emperor. Authority.

The Forbidden City was the imperial palace of the Ming and Qing dynasties (1368-1911 AD) in China. According to the ancient Chinese astrological theory, Ziweiyuan (the North Star) was located in the middle of the sky. After taking the throne, Zhu Di, the third emperor of the Ming Dynasty, decided to move his capital to Beijing. The palace began to be built in 1406, and it was completed in the 18th year of Yongle in the Ming Dynasty (1420). In 1911, the 1911 Revolution overthrew China's last feudal monarchy, the Qing Dynasty. In 1924, Qing Fei Emperor (Xuantong Emperor) Aixinjueluo Puyi was expelled from the palace.

The Hall of Supreme Harmony is the supreme golden palace in the Forbidden City. It was first built in the Yongle year of Ming Dynasty (early 15th century), and was destroyed and rebuilt several times later. Ming Jiajing Dynasty was renamed Huangji Temple. It was changed to its present name after the founding of the capital of Manchu and Qing Dynasty, which contains the grand ambition of harmony in the world. The current Hall of Supreme Harmony was rebuilt and survived in the Kangxi reign of the Qing Dynasty.

Although some of the cultural relics from the Qing Palace were moved to the National Palace Museum in Taipei from 1948 to 1949, the National Palace Museum has further enriched the collection and the total number of cultural relics after 1949 by recovering the treasures brought out by Puyi privately, accepting private donations, and participating in archaeological excavations. There are 1,807,558 pieces, of which 1,684,490 are precious cultural relics, 115,491 are general cultural relics, and 7,577 are specimens, covering almost the entire history of the development of ancient Chinese civilization and almost all categories of cultural relics.

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