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Monument Valley, National Park

Monument Valley, National Park (Picture 1)


Monument Valley is an area of ​​giant solitary peaks formed by sandstone in the Colorado Plateau. The largest solitary peak is about 300 meters above the bottom of the valley. This area is located near the four corners of the northern state boundary of Arizona and the southern state boundary of Utah. Monument Valley is within the Navajo Nation Reservation and can be reached via U.S. Highway 163. Monument Valley began to appear in many media in the 1930s. The most famous is probably in the many westerns of American director John Ford, including "Stagecoach" and "Searcher". Monument Valley is part of the "Canyon Circle" in the United States. The circle includes: Grand Canyon of Colorado, Mesa Verde National Park, Bryce Canyon National Park, Zion National Park, Capitol Reef National Park, Natural Bridge National Monument, Hovenweep National Monument, Arches National Park and Many other attractions.

Monument Valley is part of the Colorado Plateau. The bottom of the valley is mostly cutler layer stratum containing siltstone or sand deposits formed by cutting the river through the canyon. The vivid red of Monument Valley comes from the exposure of iron oxides from weathered sandstone. The darker blue-gray rock in the valley comes from manganese oxide. The lone peak in the valley is clearly divided into multiple strata, with three main strata. The bottom layer is the shale called Organ Rock, the middle is the Shay layer of sandstone, the top layer is the shale called the Mengkopi layer, and the upper layer is covered by the siltstone called Shinarump. There are many giant rock structures in Monument Valley, including the "Eye of the Sun".

Monument Valley actually contains a large area around Monument Valley Navajo Tribal Park, and Navajo reservations are equivalent to national parks. For example, Oljato-Monument Valley in Utah is within the designated area of ​​Monument Valley. It belongs to the Navajo Indian Reserve and is subject to Indian regulations and is not subject to federal government interference. Tourists can drive about 27 kilometers of dirt roads (approximately 2 to 3 hours journey) after paying the toll. Passengers can also take part in the itinerary, and the price varies from 40 to 100 US dollars per person according to the service and route. Some areas, such as Mystery Valley and Hunts Mesa, require a guide to enter. Within the Monument Valley Park or the entire Monument Valley area, visitors can also ride horseback rides from various tourist service units, and the price depends on the distance. The riding time may vary from one hour to overnight camping. In addition, you can take a hot air balloon from May 1 to October 31 each year, and sometimes you can take a small plane.

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