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South Island of New Zealand

South Island of New Zealand (Picture 1)


The South Island of New Zealand is one of the two main islands that make up New Zealand. It is located in the south of New Zealand, separated by the Cook Strait from the North Island in the north, and across the Fowo Strait from the Stewart Island in the south. It is 1,600 kilometers west of Australia and east of Tonga and Fiji. . The whole territory is mountainous, and the mountain area accounts for 50% of the national area. Whether it's lush rainforest, clear lakes, green grassy hillsides, white sand beaches, it's all about New Zealand's freshness and beauty. The economy is mainly based on growing wheat and raising sheep, and there are small and medium-sized agricultural and livestock products processing industries. The main cities are Christchurch, Dunedin, Invercargill, Nelson, Timaru and so on. Mount Cook Park is located in the midst of the magnificent southern Alps, and has been a national park since 1953. It covers an area of ​​70,000 hectares, from the mouth of Arthur in the south to the Maine Ridge in the west.

The South Island coastline of New Zealand is 6,900 kilometers long and has many beautiful beaches. The northernmost Fairwell Point to the southern end of Bluff, 840 kilometers apart, 336 kilometers wide at the east and west, the island covers an area of ​​154,037 square kilometers, is New Zealand's largest island, and the world's twelfth largest island. The Southern Alps on the west coast of the South Island are New Zealand's largest mountain range, and Mount Cook is the highest peak in New Zealand at an altitude of 3,754 meters. The eastern coast has a narrow plain, with the Canterbury Plain being the most important. The South Island in Maori is "Te Wai Pounamu", which translates to "green jade water".

Christchurch is the largest city in the South Island. The stone-built buildings with historical traces show an elegant British style, with flowers and trees and parks everywhere, making it a famous “garden city”. Whale watching from Christchurch north to Kaikoura is also an eco-friendly journey for many people. If you want to see the beautiful scenery of Christchurch, you may wish to follow the Avon River. This graceful Affin River is full of willows along the way. Since the early pioneers tried to transfer the British style, the city is also a river that runs through the city, in addition to the wide and straight roads. Generous, style to catch up with Cambridge's Kang River.

Mount Cook is one of the most spectacular parts of the Southern Alps. The peaks of the mountains are one after another, with more than a dozen peaks above 3,000 meters. On the west side of Mount Cook is the Hooker Glacier, east of which is one of the largest glaciers in the southern hemisphere, 29 km long and 3.2 km wide of the Tasman Glacier. Not far from the mountain is the beautiful Lake Pukaki. In the 1/3 area of ​​the park, snow is covered all year round, covered with glaciers, and the snow peaks are undulating. There are 15 peaks of more than 3,000 meters. Among them, the middle of Mount Cook is 3,764 meters above sea level. It is the highest peak in New Zealand and the second highest peak in Oceania. It is known as the "New Zealand roof". In the west and the high slope above 1070 meters, the grass is not born, but see the black rock, which is interlaced in the snow and ice, and there are many glaciers and waterfalls in the mountains. On the west side is the Hook Grand Glacier. To the east is the Tasman Grand Glacier, 29 km long and 3.2 km wide, one of the longest glacier in the world. There are many lakes in Mount Cook Park. The icy lake is deep ochre. The rainwater lake is clear and green, and the mountains and blue waves are full of weather. The forest below 1000 meters is dense, and the animals in the park include large parrots, hawks, antelopes and wild cats.

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