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Inner Mongolia grassland

Inner Mongolia grassland (Picture 1)


Inner Mongolia grassland refers to the forest margin meadow grassland on the western foot of the Greater Xing'an Mountains with Hulunbeier in the north as the center. It is also one of the best natural pastures in China and a tourist attraction. The grassland area of ​​Inner Mongolia is 1.183 million square kilometers, accounting for about 12.3% of the land area. To the west is the vast Gobi desert in the yellow sand. The desert camel shadow on the plateau contrasts with the green grass of the grassland. The main area of ​​the prairie located in the Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region is 86.667 million hectares, of which 68.18 million hectares of effective natural pastures, accounting for 27% of the country's pasture area. It is the largest pasture and natural pasture in China. The most famous is the Hulunbuir Prairie, which is the largest natural grassland reserve in the world, and is China's largest pollution-free animal food base. The Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region is the province with the longest east-west span in the country, and is adjacent to eight provinces and regions in Heilongjiang, Jilin, Liaoning, Hebei, Shanxi, Shaanxi, Gansu, and Ningxia.

Inner Mongolia has a semi-dry and humid moderate-temperate monsoon climate, with a semi-humid zone in the east and a semi-arid zone in the west. The most important feature is that the temperature difference between day and night is large, generally up to about 10 degrees, so you should bring more clothes when traveling here. The catastrophic weather in Inner Mongolia includes spring drought and winter snowstorm. From the east to the west, Inner Mongolia can be divided into two major climatic regions: the steppe climate region, from the Hulunbuir League in the east to the Yinshan Hetao Plain. It is ice and snowy in winter and lasts for half a year. The average temperature is about -28 ° C. Summer, spring, and autumn are almost connected, and the climate is mild from May to September, which is the best season for tourist steppe. Desert climate zone, from the Alxa Desert Plateau to the west of the Yinshan Mountains to the Badain Jaran Desert. There are many storms in spring (mid-April to end of May), hot summers, and extremely cold winters.

Geographically, the Inner Mongolia Plateau starts from the Greater Xing'an Mountains and Su Kexiulu Mountain in the east, and reaches Maman Mountain in the northwest of the Hexi Corridor in Gansu Province, along the Great Wall in the south, and Mongolia in the north. At an altitude of more than 1,000 meters, the terrain fluctuates slightly and there are obvious seasonal changes. It is suitable for the growth of Poaceae and Asteraceae, thus creating the vast and immense Inner Mongolia steppe. Emperor Han Wu built the city here to set up fields and raise horses as a base to defend and attack the Huns. The famous Chinese historian and archeologist Xi Bozan once pointed out in his famous article "Inner Mongolia Visiting the Ancients", "As soon as Juyongguan passed a rugged mountain road, a vast field was opened in front of us, and it was useful. No telescope can see the marginal field, which is the so-called “Saiwai.” It can be seen that the natural extension of the Inner Mongolia Plateau makes many areas in northern China have similar landform features, which lays a geological foundation for the natural extension of the Inner Mongolia steppe.

Inner Mongolia's six famous grasslands, Hulunbuir, Xilinguole, Korqin, Ulanqab, Ordos and Ulat, grow more than 1,000 species of forage plants, of which there are more than 100 species with high forage value, especially sheepgrass and fescue Grasses, grasses, Brome grass, Elymus, wild rye, alfalfa, wild peas, wild trifolium and other grasses and legumes are well-known forages. Inner Mongolia's specialties are dried beef, dried cheese, horse milk wine, maifan stone, daosha fruit, dried fried rice, milk flakes, milk tea, butter tea, goat's milk wine, Mongolian robes, skin painting, painted straw, silverware, blueberries. Inner Mongolia is also the land of cattle, sheep, camels, and horses. Birds and beasts include geese and ducks; sables, red deer, and moose. In addition, the Yellow River beautiful carp, Hetao honeydew melon, Chinese Maifan stone, rare and precious Bahrain colored stone, etc., are all specialty products of Inner Mongolia.

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