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The world's highest peak Mount Everest

The world's highest peak Mount Everest (Picture 1)


Mount Everest is the main peak of the Himalayas, its northern part is in the territory of Tibet, China, the south is in Nepal, and the peak is located in China, Mount Everest is the world's highest mountain peaks. Is the center of China's Mount Everest Nature Reserve and Nepal National Park. Mount Everest According to the 2005 China National Bureau of Surveying and Mapping measured rock surface height is 8844.43 meters, Nepal is the use of traditional snow cover 8848 meters high. In addition to the highest mountain peaks, it is also the fifth highest distance from the center of the earth.

Mount Everest's Himalayas region was originally a sea, in the long geological age, from the land washed to a large number of gravel and sediment, piled up in the Himalayas region, formed here more than 30,000 meters above the marine sedimentary rocks Floor. Starting from 65 million years ago, the Indian plate began to roll up to the Asian plate, the Himalayas began to rise. About 13 million years ago, due to the strong orogeny, the Himalayas region by the squeeze and fierce uplift, until now, the Himalayan mountains are still rising. With the passage of time, the height of Mount Everest will change because of the movement of the geographic plate. Interestingly, Mount Everest is the world's first peak, but its peak is not far from the center of the earth. This particular point belongs to the South African Chibolasso Mountains. The high towering image of Mount Everest has had a tremendous impact in the local and worldwide contexts.

Mount Everest is a giant pyramid-like, magnificent, terrain extremely dangerous, the environment is very complex. Snow line height: the north slope of 5800 ~ 6200 meters, the southern slope of 5500 ~ 6100 meters. The northeast ridge, the southeast ridge and the western ridge are sandwiched between three steep walls (the north wall, the east wall and the southwest wall). There are 548 continental glaciers between the ridge and the cliff, with a total area of 1457.07k ㎡, the average thickness Up to 7260 meters. Glacier supply mainly by the Indian Ocean monsoon with two major precipitation with snow formation. Everest is not only towering ambitious, and magnificent. In the range of 20 kilometers around it, peaks and peaks, mountains stacked barrier. Only more than 7,000 meters above sea level there are more than 40 peaks, the more famous 3 km south of the "Luo Zi Feng" (8516 meters above sea level) and Zhuo peak (7589 meters above sea level), the southeast is the Makaro peak Elevation of 8463 meters), 3 km north of Zhang Zifeng (7543 meters above sea level), the west is Nubi peak (7855 meters above sea level) and Pumori peak (elevation 7145 meters).

Mount Everest Peak is covered by snow and ice, glacier area of 10,000 square kilometers, snow line (4,500 ~ 6,000 meters) south low north high. The south slope is rich in precipitation, below 1,000 meters is a tropical monsoon forest, 1,000 to 2,000 meters is a subtropical evergreen forest, more than 2,000 meters is temperate forest, above 4,500 meters is alpine meadow. The northern slope is mainly alpine meadows, and the valley below 4,100 meters has forests and shrubs. Mountains are peacocks, gibbons, possession of bears, snow leopard, Tibetan antelope and other rare birds and animals. There are 2348 species of higher plants in the Everest nature reserve, including 2106 species of angiosperms, 20 species of gymnosperms, 222 species of ferns, 472 species of bryophytes, 172 species of lichens, and 136 species of fungi. There are many varieties of crops, wheat, barley, buckwheat, chicken feet, corn, potatoes, peas, rape and so on. Livestock varieties are yak, cattle, horses, mules, donkeys, goats, sheep and so on.

Mount Everest, the unique geographical environment, the peak of the lowest temperature perennial at minus thirty to forty degrees Celsius. Some places in the mountains perennial snow, glaciers, ice slope, everywhere. Peak air is thin, the oxygen content of the air is only one quarter of the eastern plains, often blowing seven or eight winds. The climate in the Everest area and its vicinity is complex and varied, and even within a day, it is often unpredictable, not to mention the ups and downs of the year. In general, in early June to mid-September is the rainy season, the strong southeast monsoon caused frequent rainstorms, clouds filled with snow and ice storms impermanence of the bad weather. In mid-November to mid-February the following year, due to strong northwest cold control, the minimum temperature of up to-50 ℃, the average temperature of about-30 ℃. The maximum wind speed of up to 90 meters / seconds. Every year from the beginning of March to the end of May, this is the season to the rainy season over the spring season, and the beginning of September to the end of October is the rainy season over the autumn season, the average temperature of-10 ℃ below. During this period, there may be better weather, is the best season for climbing.

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